The process of closely monitoring those who are exposed to an infected person. It includes identifying contacts of the infected person, listing and informing those contacts of the infected person, and following up to check up on contacts’ infection and symptoms.
Refers to people who carry the active COVID-19 virus, but do not develop symptoms
Refers to people who have been infected and are incubating the virus but aren’t showing symptoms yet.
Those who feel slightly unwell due to COVID-19 infection, such as a cold or mild fever symptoms.
While fever, cough, and shortness of breath are common symptoms of COVID-19, some carriers of the illness show little or no symptoms. It isn’t clear how many people are asymptomatic carriers, or how much asymptomatic individuals spread the disease, but this caveat makes it all the more important to practice social distancing, stay home, and wear a mask while in public.
Later stages of liver scarring that can decrease liver functioning. Caused by diseases and conditions such as hepatitis or alcoholism.
Symptoms happening suddenly and severely, usually for a shorter amount of time.
Leading Health Indicator
A health objective of the Healthy People 2020 plan that is considered high priority, and in need of focused solutions to address.
Social Determinants of Health
Factors of an individual’s social and environmental interactions that have an impact on health risks and outcomes.
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors which, when present, greatly increase an individual’s risk of developing coronary heart disease or type-2 diabetes. They are: insulin resistance (or high blood glucose levels), hypertension, abnormal blood lipids, and obesity.
As with pre-cancer, the presence of these risk factors DO NOT mean you will develop a disease. Knowing if you have this syndrome is helpful to monitor your health more closely to prevent and treat possible health complication.
The period of time immediately before and after birth. Can describe from 5 months before birth to 4 weeks after.
The body’s primary stress hormone Cortisol levels in the blood affect the regulation of many parts of the body, like blood pressure, sleep cycles, and blood-sugar levels. Continuous stress, and therefore chronically higher levels of cortisol, can lead to headaches, weight gain, sleep disturbances, depression and anxiety, and heart disease.
Between the neck and the abdomen. The thoracic cavity is where the heart and lungs are in humans and other mammals
Cells are present that have grown abnormally
It is important to note that pre-cancer DOES NOT mean you will develop cancer. It means a higher risk of cancer developing at some point. It is a sign that closer monitoring is needed to catch any cancer development early, or even to prevent it from developing at all.
A grain where the germ, endosperm, and bran layer are all present, or “whole”